iNSTaNT Programme

The aim of this programme (2019-2021) is to carry out a dynamic interpretation of the deconstruction process of LBK culture through the technological analysis of three proxies, pottery, flint tools and macrolithic tools. We focus here on a key region, namely Hainaut in Belgium, which has yielded an abundant series of LBK and "post-LBK" sites.

Coordinators: Louise Gomart (Trajectoires) and Solène Denis (PreTech)

Partners and participants: Trajectoires (Caroline Hamon, Michael Ilett), University of Namur & LIATEC (Laurence Burnez-Lanotte, Solène Denis), UMR Pretech (Pierre Allard), Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique (Eric Goemaere), Walloon Heritage Agency/AWaP (Isabelle Deramaix, Martin Zeebroek), INRAP (Nicolas Cayol), Antoine Zanotti (Université Rennes 2)

Scientific referents: Françoise Bostyn (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne & Trajectoires), Vincent Blouet (Service Régional de l’Archéologie, Alsace-Lorraine), Dominique Bosquet (Agence wallonne du Patrimoine – AWAP), Ivan Jadin (Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique), Claude Constantin (Trajectoires)

The iNSTaNT project (MSH Mondes) focuses on understanding the social and economic mechanisms at stake at the end of the Neolithic in temperate Europe. During this period, the very homogeneous LBK culture split into a mosaic of cultural groups known as “post-LBK”. Alongside this fragmentation at the turn of the sixth and fifth millennia BC, new architectural norms were adopted and new territories were settled, presumably accompanied by a demographic boom in populations. The present project explores this ‘in-between’ phase, the changeover between two radically different socio-economic systems. Several typological studies, often conducted separately, have revealed stylistic continuities and ruptures between LBK and post-LBK material cultures, but very little has been said up until now about the cultural, social and economic dynamics that led to the fragmentation and disintegration of the LBK system.

The aim of this programme (2019-2021) is to carry out a dynamic interpretation of the deconstruction process of LBK culture through the technological analysis of three proxies, pottery, flint tools and macrolithic tools. We focus here on a key region, namely Hainaut in Belgium, which has yielded an abundant series of LBK and “post-LBK” sites.

From the perspective of the intergenerational transmission of technical know-how, our approach attempts (1) to identify the different social groups present at the end of the Neolithization process in Hainaut; (2) to track their origin, their trajectories and their interactions.

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Distribution map of the Early Neolithic occupation area in Hainaut and sites selected included in the programme. Plan and elevation reconstruction of the Early Neolithic domestic unit in continental Europe and types of remains studied.

On account of the quantity and diversity of pottery, flint tools and macrolithic tools, these elements represent the main evidence of the socio-economic organisation of the Late Neolithic societies of Belgium (bone industries, as well as animal remains, are not preserved due to the acidic nature of substrates). On the four selected dwelling sites, we endeavour to reconstruct the manufacturing traditions of these three key elements of the Neolithic domestic assemblage. This integrated study gives us the possibility to identify the individuals involved in the production of different types of artefacts and to explore whether or not the different analysed technical spheres reflect the same evolutionary rhythms and influences.

 

 

See also in «Current projects»

Chalcolithic lithic industries of Sultana My research focuses on the lithic industries of the Chalcolithic sites of Sultana, thanks to new excavations led by C. Lăzăr, and includes training a Romanian student in lithic technology. Autour du grand tell daté du Gumelnița et fouillé en 1924 (Andrieșescu 1924), se trouvent des sites plats et des cimetières couvrant l’ensemble du Chalcolithique : Boian pour l’étape ancienne et Gumelnița pour l’étape récente. Les sites sont installés dans la grande plaine loessique roumaine, sur la rive droite du Moștistea, affluent du Danube, et aujourd’hui au bord du lac artificiel de Moștistea. Contribution to the monograph on the Varna Necropolis Three bilingual (German, English) volumes dedicated to the necropolis of Varna, Das Varna Gräberfeld, will be published by Philipp von Zabern, in the DAI Eurasian Series, edited by V. Slavčev. I am in charge of the lithics, which I comprehensively reviewed after the recent revision of the funerary inventories. The multidisciplinary approach will combine technological and typological data, in connection with raw material supplies and types of production, as well as the functional analysis carried out by M. Gurova. L. Manolakakis in V. Slavčev, Dir. (2020, à paraître) IRP NORth (2020-2023) The Eastern European model of Neolithization contrasts with that of the West, in terms of modes and chronology. In the central Russian plain, the beginning of the Neolithic is dated between the second half of the 7th and 6th millennia BC, depending on the region considered, and is defined by the emergence of sedentarism and the appearance of ceramic technology. Despite occasional contacts with mixed farming groups, local populations maintained a lifestyle based on hunting, fishing and gathering. It was not until several millennia later that a real production economy was adopted and became widespread in the area (3rd and 2nd millennia BC). Based on the duration and the breakdown of events recorded in the Russian plain, we can follow the history of communities in the process of Neolithization in a very original way.